Writers: Juan Tizol and Duke Ellington
Original Performer: Duke Ellington
"Caravan" is one of numerous jazz standards written or co-written by Duke Ellington, the king of all bandleaders and arguably the most important musician in American history. The exotic sounds were unusual for the era and have certainly contributed to the piece's enduring appeal. Irving Mills wrote lyrics, though they are rarely performed.
The song has been covered by, essentially, every important jazz musician since. That's why they're called standards. There are dozens of recordings by Ellington alone. It would be absurd to attempt an exhaustive list so I offer only a few of the more unusual renditions.
Ella Fitzgerald with the Ellington Band:
The Mills Brothers, a cappella - not exactly an enlightened piece of flim by 2019 standards but musically, wow:
Gordon Jenkins - Mad Men fans may recognize this one:
Want to hear all of the songs I have featured in a convenient playlist?
Enjoy: A Window Above
What are you listening to these days?